Nordic Capitalism – the future of capitalism ?

In this FT's article, it was said that, Jorma Ollila, advocates that Nordic style of capitalism (characterised by openness to globalisation balanced by strong government programmes to protect people from its excesses and an egalitarian education system), is the future of capitalism.

Who is Jorma Ollila?

His more prominent roles are:

1. Chairman of both Nokia and Royal Dutch Shell
2. Chairman of European Roundtable of Industrialists (an informal forum of around 45 chief executives and chairmen of major multinational companies of European parentage covering a wide range of industrial and technological sectors).

European Roundtable of Industrialists is a good place to get views of European Industrialists.

So, what is Nordic Capitalism ?
I found this insightful PDF file written by University of Jyväskylä.

Nordic economies:
Five small North European countries, which includes Denmark, Finland, Norway, Iceland, Sweden.

There is this book, Creating Nordic Capitalism – the business history of a competitive periphery, which is a good source to learn about Nordic Capitalism.

You can get a sample chapter from the website.

There are case studies given by the books on Capitalism of Sweden, Finnish, Danish and Norwegian.

Swedish Capitalism
Bonnier & Wallenberg

Finnish Capitalism
Nokia and Tampella

Danish Capitalism
Arla Foods

Norwegian Capitalism

Iceland, as we know, is in deep trouble.

I wonder how are the status of these countries (Denmark, Finland, Norway, Sweden) and the companies used as success stories of Nordic Capitalism.

Can they withstand the onslaught of this financial crisis ?
How should the future of capitalism be ?

US: toxic asset plan - using public-private investment funds (PPIF) : Legacy Loans Program and Legacy Securities Program

To remove toxic assets from US banks, FDIC & Treasury launch Legacy Loan Programs and Legacy Securities Program.

We can get details of Legacy Loan Program and Legacy Securities Program from FDIC’s website.
Legacy Loan Program and Legacy Securities Program

The PDF files are very wordy and I feel that the easier way to understand is through the examples given.

(Excerpt from website)

Examples of Legacy Loan Program (main components related to $ highlighted)

If a bank has a pool of residential mortgages with $100 face value that they are seeking to divest, the bank would approach the FDIC. The FDIC would determine, according to the above process, that they would be willing to leverage the pool at a 6-to-1 debt-to-equity ratio. The pool would then be auctioned by the FDIC, with several private buyers submitting bids. The highest bid from the private sector – in this example, $84 – would define the total price paid by the private investors and the Treasury for the mortgages. Of this $84 purchase price, the Treasury and the private investors would split the $12 equity portion. The new PPIF would issue debt for the remaining $72 of the price and the debt would be guaranteed by the FDIC. This guarantee would be secured by the purchased assets. The private investor would then manage the servicing of the asset pool and the timing of its disposition on an ongoing basis – using asset managers approved and subject to oversight by the FDIC.

Example of Legacy Securities Program (main components related to $ highlighted)

Treasury will launch the application process for managers interested in the Legacy Securities Program. An interested FM would submit an application and be pre-qualified to raise private capital to participate in joint investment programs with Treasury. Treasury would agree to provide a one-for-one equity match for every dollar of private capital that the FM raises and provide fund-level leverage for the proposed PPIF. The FM would commence the sales process for the PPIF and raise $100 of private capital for the PPIF. Treasury would provide $100 of equity capital to be invested on side-by-side basis with private capital and would provide up to a $100 loan to the PPIF if the fund met certain guidelines. Treasury would also consider requests from the FM for an additional loan of up to $100 subject to further restrictions. As a result, the FM would have $300 (or, in some cases, up to $400) in total capital and would commence a purchase program for targeted securities. The FM would have full discretion in investment decisions, although the PPIFs will predominately follow a long-term buy and hold strategy. Depending on the amount of loans provided directly from Treasury, the PPIF would also be eligible to take advantage of the expanded TALF program for legacy securities when that program is operational.
Related Posts with Thumbnails


The opinion post on this blog is personal and is not an inducement to buy or sell any investment products. The author of this blog will NOT be held responsible for any losses incurred due to the reliance on any content of this blog for investment decisions.